The Italian capital city stands midway along the peninsular, 15 miles inland from the west coast on the banks of the River Tiber. Rome is Italy's largest city and includes the separate city-state of the Vatican within its boundaries. ‘The Eternal City' is one of the great historical centres of the world, mainly thanks to its role at the centre of an enormous empire 2,000 years ago. If you hire a car, note that Rome's traffic and road system is famous throughout Europe. It's a memorable challenge in which getting lost and ample use of the horn is part of the fun.