Hannover is a city that has played a very important role at various stages in European history, and today it is the official capital of Lower Saxony. Perhaps best known as being a major international centre for trade fairs and conventions, the city also plays host to Germany’s second-biggest Oktoberfest - after Munich. As with many German cities, it was heavily affected by the Second World War and, while much of the old town was successfully rebuilt, it was relocated into a more centralised area. Hannover also benefits from a number of parks and gardens, including the 112 hectare Tiergarten where deer roam freely today.